Jenis, Rumus, dan Contoh Past Tense

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Contoh Past Tense

Apa itu past tense?

Past tense merupkan bentuk kalimat yang menunjukkan hal-hal yang terjadi di masa lalu. Dengan melihat bentuk kata kerjanya, kita akan tahu bahwa peristiwa tersebut sudah terjadi. Tapi ada beberapa cara untuk menggambarkan sesuatu yang terjadi di masa lalu.

Jenis-jenis past tense

Karena suatu kejadian bisa terjadi dengan banyak cara, maka past tense dalam bahasa Inggris juga bisa diungkapkan dalam beberapa cara. Di sini, kita akan menunjukkan cara menggunakan 4 jenis past tense yaitu simple past, past continuous, past perfect, dan past perfect continuous Berikut ini contoh past tense dalam bentuk yang berbeda-beda

She wrote a book (simple past tense)
I was writing a letter ( past continuous tense)
He had written a book (past perfect tense)
I had been writing a letter at home (past perfect continuous tense)

Dari contoh past tense diatas, bisa kita rangkum rumus past tense dalam bentuk berikut ini

Simple Past : Positif (+) = Subject + Verb 2 + Object/complement
Negatif (-) = Subject + Did not + Verb 1 + Object/complement
Tanya (?) = Did + Subject + Verb 1 + Object/complement

Past Continuous : Positif (+) = Subject + To be was/were + Verb-Ing + Object/complement
Negatif (-) = Subject + To be was/were + Not + Verb-Ing + Object/complement
Interogatif (?) = To be was/were + Subject + Verb-Ing + Object/complement

Past Perfect : Positif (+) = Subject + Had + Verb 3 + Object/complement
Negatif (-) = Subject +Had + Not + Verb 3 + Object/complement
Tanya (?) = Had + Subject + Verb 3 + Object/complement

Past Perfect Continuous : Positif (+) = Subject + Had + Been + Verb-ing + Object/complement
Negatif (-) = Subject + Had + Not + Been + Verb-ing + Object/complement
Tanya (?) = Had + Subject + Been + Verb-ing + Object/complement

Contoh past tense

Agar makin paham, yuk kita simak langsung contoh past tense dan terjemahannya berikut ini

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1.(+) I ate sate for dinner last night (saya makan sate pada makan malam tadi malam)
2.(-) I did not eat burger for dinner last night (saya tidak makan burger pada makan malam tadi malam)
3.(?) Did I eat sate for dinner last night? (Apakah aku makan sate pada makan malam tadi malam?)
4.(+) I went to bali last week (saya pergi ke bali minggu lalu)
5.(-) I did not work last week (saya tidak bekerja minggu lalu)
6.(?) What did you do last week? (apa yang kamu kerjakan minggu lalu?)
7.(+) They were learning physics at 09.00 o’clock yesterday (mereka sedang belajar fisika pada jam 9 pagi kemarin)
8.(-) They were not learning mathematics at 09.00 o’clock yesterday (mereka tidak belajar matematika pada jam 9 pagi kemarin)
9.(?) What were they learning at 09.00 o’clock yesterday? (apa yang mereka pelajari pada jam 9 pagi kemarin)
10.(+) I was eating fried rice when my father called me (aku sedang makan nasi goreng saat ayah memanggilku)
11.(-) I was not in the office when my father called me (aku sedang tidak di kantor saat ayah memanggilku)
12.(?) What were you doing when your father called you (apa yang kamu lakukan saat ayahmu memanggilmu)
13.(+) You had eaten pizza before I came (kamu sudah makan pizza sebelum saya datang)
14.(-) You had not eaten anything before I came (kamu belum makan apapun sebelum saya datang)
15.(?) Had you eaten before I came? (apakah kamu sudah makan sebelum saya datang?)
16.(+) She had studied biology by the time his father got home (dia sudah belajar biologi pada saat ayahnya pulang ke rumah)
17.(-) She had not slept by the time his father got home (dia tidak tidur saat ayahnya pulang ke rumah)
18.(?) Had she slept by the time his father got home? (apakah dia tidur saat ayahnya pulang ke rumah?)
19.(+) I had been waiting for you for 3 hours in the bus station (aku telah menunggumu selama 3 jam di terminal bus)
20.(-) I had not been waiting for you for all day in the bus station (aku tidak menunggumu sepanjang hari di terminal bus)
21.(?) Had you been waiting for me for all day in the bus station (apakah kamu telah menungguku sepanjang hari di terminal bus)
22.(+) They had been playing football for 1 hour when the rain falled down (mereka telah bermain sepakbola selama 1 jam ketika hujan turun)
23.(-) They had not been playing football when the rain stopped (mereka sudah tidak bermain sepakbola saat hujan berhenti)
24.(?) Had they been playing football when the rain stopped? (apakah mereka bermain sepakbola saat hujan berhenti?)

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Contoh past tense di atas bisa kalian pelajari dan renungi agar semakin paham. Semoga artikel ini membantu meningkatkan pemahaman tata bahasa Inggris. Jangan lupa tetap rajin belajar, semangat, dan semoga sukses selalu ya!!

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